Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is believed that the city is eight and a half centuries old. Moscow is a real megapolis: more than 40 km from north to south, more than 30 from east to west. Including the suburbs, it has more than 10 million inhabitants, which makes it the Fifth largest city in the world. Besides, every day there are more than one million visitors in Moscow, and certainly a big part of them are tourists.
Moscow plays a significant part in industrial, scientific and cultural life of modern Russia. The city features the best theatres of the country, plenty of universities, exhibition halls and libraries. Some of Moscow museums are well known all over the world. Among them are the State Tretyakov Gallery that possesses the richest collection of Russian art in the world, the State Historical Museum, the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, and many others.
The Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory is one of Moscow's best concert venues, boasting internationally recognised acoustics; the sound quality here is comparable with the world's leading Moscow opera theatres. Despite some considerable differences in layout between opera and concert halls, the architect managed to find the right radius of curvature and slope angle for the amphitheater, thereby increasing the quality of the acoustics.
New building of the Tretyakov Gallery at 10 Krymsky Val houses a unique museum exhibition of modern Russian art features works by Chagall, Kandinsky, Malevich and other 20th-century artists. In the same building there is the Central House of Artists, and around there is a Sculpture Park.
Moscow's most famous historical and political landmark, the Kremlin is a walled-in complex of cathedrals, palaces and government offices, with several buildings open to the public, including the Armoury, Patriarch's Palace and the State Kremlin Palace.
A 5000 year-old boat and other fascinating archaeological exhibits trace the history of Russian civilization from ancient times to the 20th century inside this spectacular dark red-brick building at Red Square.