The paper presents research results of the children attitude toward education and school atmosphere in primary level of education– what they like, what kind of relationship exists between pupils and between pupils and teachers in classroom, which are the type of activities in free time in the school and out of the classes and how they understood and spent their own time with others in the school. The focus is on the personal attitude, feelings, choices and real opportunities in different types of schools in towns. The pupils share their opinion and ideas what do they want to change in their own school if they have opportunity for this. The specificity of children's attitudes towards public and private schools in the capital and major cities is especially clearly visible. Private schools, applying ideas and new pedagogical philosophy, are more liberal and focused on children's style in pedagogical interaction, have a more flexible organization of school life inside and outside the classroom and the educational process. There are significant differences of opinion among students towards national, private and central schools in the capital and schools in metropolitan districts and schools outside the capital. These differences reflect some particularities in the educational environment and the possible manifestations of differences in the quality of education in different types of primary-level schools in Bulgaria at present.