Among the many acute socio-psychological problems of our time, the integration of orphaned children into society is perhaps the most difficult and painful. This problem is reflected in the pages of the press, in news releases, it is constantly discussed in state and local government bodies at different levels. However, it is precisely orphanhood as a socio- psychological phenomenon that appeared not today, it existed and probably will always exist. The purpose of the study is to analyze the causes of conflict with the law of minor orphans and the possibilities of their integration into society. When working on this article, scientific research methods were used, such as the analysis of relevant scientific literature on the research problem, the sociological method, and the formal-logical method. The article deals with significant problems that prevent the integration of orphans into society, as well as the basics of innovative work with children in orphanages as a factor of their successful integration into society. The authors reveal the main directions of work with young people in conflict with the law, as well as the peculiarities of the formation of negative legal socialization of orphans as the main factor of illegal behavior of boarding school graduates, and substantiate the basic principles of building a model of integration of young people in conflict with the law. The scientific novelty of the work is manifested in the authors’ attempt to substantiate, based on the study of scientific literature, the relationship of social attitudes adopted in Russian society with the most constructive solution to the problem of orphanhood, including the need to assist orphaned children who have come into conflict with the law, primarily related to their psychological support.