E-learning in higher education and social development

Gulzhaina Kassymova (Indonesia, Kazakhstan), Rinad Kosherbayev (Kazakhstan), Mariyam Arpentieva (France, Russia), Olzhas Kenzhaliyev (Kazakhstan), Aigerim Kosherbayeva (Kazakhstan)

The paper deals with digital education. Currently, digital education is getting popular, particularly in current pandemic event COVID 19 which has been emerged in China recently. Authors discussed online education issues. Authors reviewed different literature on e-learning and online education worldwide, as well as highlighted the online problems emerged in different countries. Now, when in many countries distance learning is actively imposed on people who do not have not only teaching aids and methodological competence for digital learning, when some people do not even have access to digital devices, there are no conditions for learning outside the classroom and there are many other problems, the problem digital inequality becomes its one channel for increasing general social inequality. Our research, which contributes to the study of current and likely future problems of digital education, its role and interaction with other spheres of society, including science and industry, is a contribution to solving the problem of social well-being, including sustainable development. Sustainable development is a controversial concept that combines two leading lines: the line of harmonization of the development of society in all its separate spheres and the harmonization of relations between spheres, and the line of achievements, evolution of each of the spheres and relations of spheres.